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Tsuga canadensis

Hemlock - Canadian


Canadian Hemlocks are very versatile, long-lived conifers; they can live to be several hundred years old. The trees are fragrant and have small needles which are dark green on top and light green underneath. This evergreen can be pruned to any shape or height to create a thick privacy screen or living wall by planting 2 feet apart. When left alone, the tree reaches for the sky, a towering specimen reaching up to 70 feet in height. Canadian Hemlocks are not terribly drought or wind resistant so please take note of the location where you intend to plant them. Grow best in well-drained locations similar to what the firs prefer. This is one of the most shade tolerant of all conifers.

Our plants come with extra large and fibrous root systems, ready to plant and flourish!

Key Plant Details


Planting Zones:

3, 4, 5, 6, 7


Soil Type:

Sandy, Loamy


Light Requirement:

Shade, Part Sun, Sun




Plant Characteristics


Mature Size:

20-30 foot spread, 50-60 feet in height


Annual Growth Rate:






Shop By Use:

Deer Resistant, Juglone Tolerant, Privacy Screen, Winter Interest

Care Tips

Care Tips - Growing:

Canadian Hemlock should be watered during dry periods. Maintain a good mulch ring keeps the soil cool for the roots to establish. Water well going into winter. Avoid excessive fertilization.

Care Tips - Pruning:

The dense habit of Canadian Hemlock does not require shearing. If pruning is necessary, do so during the winter months.

Care Tips - Soil:

Requires moist soil with good drainage.

Care Tips - Uses:

Screening plant as long as the site requirements are met. Specimen tree. It should be planted in somewhat protected sites to protect it from wind burn and is excellent planted beneath established trees.

Zone Map

This plant will grow in these zones