Order taking for Spring 2024 plant deliveries has now concluded | Non-plant orders taken all year | Spring 2025 ordering begins in October 2024!

Abies balsamea var 'phanerolepis'

Fir - Canaan

The Canaan Fir exhibits glossy dark green needles. A stately landscape tree with thick branches and spire shaped top. Excellent cut boughs - very fragrant. This fir is an up and coming Christmas tree, steadily growing each year in popularity. The Canaan tolerates wetter soils than the Fraser, and is more resistant to spring frost injury, due to its late bud break.

Our plants come with extra large and fibrous root systems, ready to plant and flourish!

Key Plant Details


Planting Zones:

4, 5, 6, 7


Soil Type:

Clay, Sandy, Loamy


Light Requirement:

Part Shade, Part Sun, Sun




Plant Characteristics


Mature Size:

20-30 foot spread, 50-60 feet in height


Annual Growth Rate:






Shop By Use:

Christmas Tree, Windbreak Selection, Winter Interest

Care Tips

Care Tips - Growing:

Maintain a good mulch ring keeps the soil cool for the roots to establish. Water well going into winter. Avoid excessive fertilization. Does not tolerate urban pollution

Care Tips - Pruning:

Shear or shape as needed. Christmas tree basics of shaping are relatively the same. Proper and timely shearing or clipping of branches stimulates new buds to form, puts additional growth on the remaining desirable branches and, in general, controls the foliage and shape so that a more dense tree results. Timing of pruning will best be stimulated if shearing is done when new growth is beginning to firm up.

Care Tips - Soil:

Prefers cool, moist, well drained soils

Care Tips - Uses:

Specimen, Christmas tree, Screening, Windbreak

Zone Map

This plant will grow in these zones