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Abies balsamea

Fir - Balsam

The Balsam Fir is an extremely popular choice for both personal and commercial Christmas tree production. This conifer has shiny soft green needles and shears very nicely. The Balsam Fir is a favorite for wreath makers, who love to use the fragrant green boughs in their work. This evergreen exhibits short needles which are 1/2 - 1" in length and cones which measure 2-4" in length. Pyramidal in shape, this symmetrical fir tree is quite ornamental. The Balsam Fir is also quite shade tolerant. Buy your Balsam Fir seedlings from our nursery today!

Our plants come with extra large and fibrous root systems, ready to plant and flourish!

Key Plant Details


Planting Zones:

3, 4, 5


Soil Type:

Clay, Sandy, Loamy


Light Requirement:

Part Shade, Part Sun, Sun




Plant Characteristics


Mature Size:

20-30 foot spread, 60-70 feet in height


Annual Growth Rate:






Shop By Use:

Christmas Tree, Winter Interest

Care Tips

Care Tips - Growing:

Maintain a good mulch ring keeps the soil cool for the roots to establish. Water well going into winter. Avoid excessive fertilization. Balsam fir trees enjoy cool weather and do not handle heat and humidity well.

Care Tips - Pruning:

Shear or shape as needed. Christmas tree basics of shaping are relatively the same. Proper and timely shearing or clipping of branches stimulates new buds to form, puts additional growth on the remaining desirable branches and, in general, controls the foliage and shape so that a more dense tree results. Timing of pruning will best be stimulated if shearing is done when new growth is beginning to firm up.

Care Tips - Soil:

Loamy, sandy, moist but well-drained. Acidic soil pH

Care Tips - Uses:

Specimen, Christmas tree, Screening

Zone Map

This plant will grow in these zones